【Objective】 To clarify the effects of artificial diets with different nitrogen contents on the growth, development and reproduction of the Asian corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis), in the hope of providing some theoretical basis for the feeding and selection of Asian corn borer larvae. 【Method】 Two methods were adopted in the study: in the laboratory, food selection experiment on Asian corn borer was conducted by leaf dish method to calculated the feeding rate; Outside, five different nitrogen content feeds with nitrogen content of 3.94%, 7.33%, 10.69%, 18.84%, and 30.31% were set to determine the effects of different nitrogen content on the growth and development of the Asian corn borer. 【Results】 At 25℃ the low nitrogen level N1 (nitrogen content 3.94%) failed to emerge normally, and the larval development period was the longest. When the nitrogen content increased to 18.84% (N4), the intrinsic growth rate (0.13) and net proliferation rate (66.14), weekly growth rate (1.14), hatching rate (90.06%) was the highest, average generation period (30.79), population doubling time (5.17) was the shortest, which was significantly different from the other four nitrogen levels (P<0.05), the larval duration was significantly shortened, the N4 pupation rate (98.66%), emergence rate (95.45%), survival rate (91.33%), and average egg production per female (120.12±9.73) were the highest, but when the nitrogen content after reaching 30.31%, the intrinsic growth rate (0.04), net multiplication rate (44.71), and weekly growth rate (1.04) were the lowest, the average generation period (92.36), and the population doubling time (16.85) was the longest, at 25℃ and, the result at 30℃ was close to that at 20℃. In addition, there was no significant difference in the pupal stage, adult moth lifespan, and female fecundity between the three temperature treatments (P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 Nitrogen content is closely related to the individual development of the Asian corn borer and the population multiplication. In a certain interval, with the increase of nitrogen content, the growth speeds up and the population multiplication ability is enhanced. High nitrogen 30.31% and low nitrogen 3.94% both have a significant inhibitory effect on the growth of corn borer.