Xinjiang Agricultural Sciences ›› 2018, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (7): 1350-1356.DOI: 10.6048/j.issn.1001-4330.2018.07.021

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Effects of Allicin on Anti-Fatigue and Immunity of Yili Horses

MO Xu-cheng1, ZENG Ya-qi1,2, WANG Jian-wen1,2, MENG Jun1,2, YAO Xin-kui1,2, Saiyare Aniwaner1, MEI Xiang1   

  1. 1.College of Animal Sciences, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China;
    2. Research Institute of Horse Industry, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China
  • Received:2018-04-27 Published:2018-11-27
  • Correspondence author: YAO Xin-kui(1961-), Male, Xinjiang Kuitun, professor, The Research Direction for Equine Science, (E-mail)
  • Supported by:
    Major Projects of Science and Technology of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region"Research on the common key technology of horse breeding"(2017A01002-1);Tianshan Innovation Team Project of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region"The innovation and technology team of the horse industry"(2017D14011);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation"Variation Law of Blood Gas Index and Motion Trail in Trotting of Yili Horse in Different Training Period for The Effect of Speed"(138620);International S&T Cooperation Projects" Introduce and study on France trotter and cultivating key technology" ( 2014DFA31370)


莫绪成1, 曾亚琦1,2, 王建文1,2, 孟军1,2, 姚新奎1,2, 赛亚热·艾尼玩尔1, 梅香1   

  1. 1.新疆农业大学动物科学学院,乌鲁木齐 830052;
    2.新疆农业大学马产业研究院,乌鲁木齐 830052
  • 通讯作者: 姚新奎(1961-),男,新疆奎屯人,教授,研究方向为马类科学,(E-mail)
  • 作者简介:莫绪成(1992-),男,新疆额敏人,硕士研究生,研究方向为马类科学,(E-mail)
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: 【Objective】 The projiect aims to investigate the effects of different doses of allicin supplementation on physiological, biochemical and immune indexes of Yili horse after exercise, which might provide theoretical guidance for healthy breeding of sports Yili horse.【Method】After the test, 16 Yili horses were fed with allicin in four groups for 30 days, on the basis of supplemental feeding for 0 days, and then sampled once every 10 days, four times before and after the race. The period of each sampling was immediately after the race. The venous blood samples were collected to measure the related indexes, and the results were analyzed by double factor variance analysis.【Result】After 10 days of feeding, the lactate value was significantly lower than that of the basic value (P<0.05). After 20 days of supplementary feeding, the potassium ion was significantly lower than that of the basic value (P<0.05). After 30 days of supplementary feeding, the calcium ion was significantly lower than that of the base value (P<0.05). About the CK, the horses with daily supplement of 100 mg/kg allicin was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05).The C4 of horses with 300 mg/kg was extremely significantly higher than that with 100 mg/kg (P<0.01). About the IgM, the horses with 500 mg/kg was extremely significantly higher than the control group (P<0.01). 【Conclusion】The effect of controlling the amount of allicin between 300 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg on the exercise horse Is obvious, and it can effectively improve the immunity of the body, and in terms of enhancing the body's immunity, the amount of allicin supplemented is more effective than the Feeding time.

Key words: allicin; Yili horses; anti-fatigue; immunity

摘要: 【目的】研究补饲不同剂量大蒜素对运动后伊犁马生理生化及免疫指标的影响,为运动型伊犁马健康养殖提供理论指导。【方法】16匹伊犁马经测试赛后,分别以四个剂量组大蒜素进行为期30 d的补饲,以补饲0 d为基础,随后每10 d进行一次采样,前后共四次,每次采样的时段均为赛后即刻,采集静脉血液样本对相关指标进行测定,对测定结果进行双因素方差分析。【结果】以饲喂时间分组:补饲10 d后,乳酸值显著低于饲喂前(P<0.05);补饲20 d后,K+显著低于基础值(P<0.05);补饲30 d后,Ca2+显著低于基础值(P<0.05)。以补饲剂量分组:补饲500 mg/kg剂量组,LDH极显著高于对照组(P<0.01)CK-MB显著低于对照组(P<0.05);补饲300 mg/kg剂量组C4极显著高于100 mg/kg剂量组(P<0.01);补饲500 mg/kg剂量组,IgM极显著高于对照组(P<0.01)。【结论】运动马补饲大蒜素的量控制300~500 mg/kg,对机体抗疲劳作用效果明显,可以有效提高机体免疫;在增强机体免疫力方面,大蒜素的补饲量比补饲天数作用效果更强。

关键词: 大蒜素, 伊犁马, 抗疲劳, 免疫力

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