新疆农业科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (7): 1741-1747.DOI: 10.6048/j.issn.1001-4330.2022.07.021

• 植物保护 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆野果林杏树鬃球蚧的发生及危害

王玉丽1(), 吕昭智2, 令狐伟1, 王强3, 高桂珍1()   

  1. 1.新疆农业大学 林学与园艺学院,乌鲁木齐 830052
    2.青岛农业大学植物医学学院,山东青岛 266109
    3.特克斯县林业和草原局,新疆特克斯 835500
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-21 出版日期:2022-07-20 发布日期:2022-08-04
  • 通讯作者: 高桂珍
  • 作者简介:王玉丽(1995-),女,新疆人,硕士研究生,研究方向为森林保护学,(E-mail) 1249041072@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    中央财政林草科技推广示范项目“天山北坡野果林重大害虫综合防控技术推广与示范”(新2020TG09);新疆维吾尔自治区林业有害生物防治专项“新疆西部山区野果林主要有害生物调查及野果林资源普查”(E0400103);新疆维吾尔自治区天山英才计划

Occurrence and Harm of Sphaerolecanium prunastri in wild Fruit Forests in Xinjiang

WANG Yuli1(), LÜ Zhaozhi2, LING Huwei1, WANG Qiang3, GAO Guizhen1()   

  1. 1. College of Forestry and Horticulture, Xinjiang Agricultural University,Urumqi 830052, China
    2. College of Plant Health and Medicine, Qingdao Agriculture University, Qingdao Shandong 266109, China
    3. Tekes County Forestry and Grassland Bureau, Tekes Xinjiang 835500, China
  • Received:2021-07-21 Online:2022-07-20 Published:2022-08-04
  • Contact: GAO Guizhen
  • Supported by:
    Forest and Grass Science and Technology Promotion Demonstration Project of the Central Government Finance “Comprehensive Promotion and Demonstration of Major Prevention and Control Pests in Wild Fruit Forest on the Northern Slope of Tianshan Mountain” (X2020TG09);Forestry Pest Control Special Project of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region “Survey of Wild Fruit Forest Resources in the Mountainous Areas of Western Xinjiang”(E0400103);Tianshan Talent Program of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

摘要:

【目的】研究杏树鬃球蚧在野果林的发生及危害情况,为有效防治杏树鬃球蚧提供科学依据。【方法】于2019 ~ 2020年在新疆野果林野杏集中分布区设置7个样地,以目测法调查杏树鬃球蚧的发生量及野杏受害程度。【结果】杏树鬃球蚧在不同受害等级野杏上的发生量不同。杏树鬃球蚧1龄若虫发生量最高可达1108.46头/50 cm枝条,且与前一代雌成虫发生量呈显著正相关。不同调查样地杏树鬃球蚧发生及危害不同,其中巩留县萨哈杏树鬃球蚧发生量最大,野杏受害指数较高;新源县交托海杏树鬃球蚧发生量较少,野杏受害指数最低,但有增长趋势。【结论】杏树鬃球蚧在野果林区域及其周边的农业区域的扩散速度比较快,防治难度大,抓住防治杏树鬃球蚧的最佳时期及采用区域性的防治策略管理有害生物的传播和蔓延。

关键词: 野果林, 野杏, 杏树鬃球蚧, 发生量, 危害程度

Abstract:

【Objective】 To clarify the occurrence and harm of Sphaerolecanium prunastri in wild fruit forests and provide scientific basis for the effective prevention and control of the pest.【Methods】 Seven wild apricot concentrated distribution areas in wild fruit forests in Xinjiang were selected as site plots from 2019 to 2020 to investigate the number and victimization degree of S. prunastri on Armeniaca vulgaris by visual method.【Results】 Number of S.prunastri was different in different affected grades of A. vulgaris. The maximum number of first-instar nymphs of S. prunastri was 1108.46 per 50 cm branch, and there was a significant positive correlation with the number of female adults of the previous generation. The occurrence and harm of S. prunastri were different at different survey sites. Among them, the number of S. prunastri was the largest in Saha of Gongliu County, and the damage index of wild apricot was relatively high. The occurrence of S. prunastri was less in Jiaotuohai of Xinyuan County, where the damage index of A. vulgaris was the lowest. Nevertheless, there was an increasing trend from 2019 to 2020.【Conclusion】 The spread speed of S. prunastri in the wild fruit forests area and the surrounding agricultural area is relatively fast and the control is difficult. It is suggested to seize the best time to control S. prunastri and adopt regional control strategy to control the spread of the pest.

Key words: wild fruit forests, wild apricot, Sphaerolecanium prunastri, occurrence amount, harm degree

中图分类号: 


ISSN 1001-4330 CN 65-1097/S
邮发代号:58-18
国外代号:BM3342
主管:新疆农业科学院
主办:新疆农业科学院 新疆农业大学 新疆农学会

出版单位:《新疆农业科学》编辑部
地址:乌鲁木齐市南昌路403号新疆农业科学院
邮编:830091
电话:0991-4502046
E-mail:xjnykx-h@xaas.ac.cn


版权所有 © 《新疆农业科学》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发
总访问量: 今日访问: 在线人数:
网站
微信公众号
淘宝购买
微店购买